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Causes, Symptoms & How To Treat Dandruff

Find Out Various Dandruff Causes And How To Prevent Dandruff

By Dove India

Know About Dandruff: Its Causes, Symptoms & How To Treat It

Just imagine you're all dressed up, wearing your favourite outfit to go for brunch with your friends, and then you see pesky white flakes all over the dress. Stuck? What to do? If you do not wish such a scenario to happen in reality, then utilise this guide to combat dandruff effectively at home. Here, we have mentioned everything about this hair issue, including its meaning, symptoms, causes, prevention techniques and much more. So, continue reading to uncover the solution to get rid of dandruff symptoms and embrace gorgeous, healthy locks.

What is Dandruff?

Dandruff is a common hair concern that includes the discharge of dead skin cells in the form of white-yellowish flakes on the scalp. Generally, it is also accompanied by itching and inflammation, causing persistent irritation. While flaking is considered to be a natural outcome of the process of skin renewal, excessive shedding of flakes is referred to as dandruff.

There can be two types of dandruff. The ones who have dry scalps will have flaky dandruff that will fall off easily. On the other hand, for oily scalp, dandruff builds up and sticks to the scalp of the hair. Whatever the case is, this scalp condition isn't good for hair health as it makes the braids weak and more prone to hair fall.

Source: Freepik

What Can be the Symptoms of Dandruff?

When suffering from dandruff, individuals are likely to experience different symptoms. Some of the common ones are as follows:

1. White Or Yellow Flakes

2. Dryness

3. Itching

4. Redness

5. Hair Breakage

6. Thinning

Source: istockphoto

Know the Dandruff Causes: Why Does it Occur?

It is necessary to understand what causes dandruff to take required preventive strategies and treatment measures. Some of the key dandruff reasons have been mentioned below:

1. Lack of Moisture

When the scalp lacks the necessary nourishment and moisture, it tends to become frizzy, itchy, and rough, which creates a higher chance of the formation of dandruff flakes. This can happen because of excessive use of heat styling products, low humidity, not conditioning the hair on a daily basis, etc.

2. Overgrowth of Malassezia Yeast

Malassezia Yeast is a naturally occurring fungus that feeds on oils produced by hair follicles and is present on almost everyone's scalp. When it grows excessively, it can result in scalp irritation and maximise the cell turnover, causing dandruff. 

3. Improper Scalp Hygiene

Another reason for dandruff build-up can be infrequent scalp cleansing and poor maintenance of hair. When you do not keep your mane clean, it gets exposed to the accumulation of dead skin cells, inviting white flakes and itchiness to make a grand entry.

4. Sensitivity or Reaction to Hair Care Products

There can be some hair care products, including shampoos, conditioners, hair masks, and serums, that can have allergic reactions and trigger dandruff for individuals who are sensitive to certain ingredients, specifically chemical elements. This can further cause redness, itchiness and flakiness on the scalp.

How To Treat Dandruff? Take the Measures!

In order to treat the pesky flakes and remove them completely from the scalp, you have to be consistent and follow all the prescription treatments and dandruff prevention tips accurately. Here are some effective dandruff solutions that can help you address this condition effectively:

1. Use Specialised Anti-Dandruff Shampoos

It is suggested to use shampoos that are specifically formulated for dandruff treatment as they typically incorporate active ingredients that will help you target this hair problem, eliminate the dandruff from the innermost layers of your tresses, and soften and strengthen the strands like never before.

2. Always Keep Your Scalp Clean

Environmental pollutants and oil build-up can prevent your scalp from being healthy and clean, which can lead to dandruff. So, shampoo your hair frequently to get rid of all the dirt, debris and oil. Also, do not allow the sweat to accumulate in your hair. Wash your hair after exercising or engaging in any sports activity to avoid the formation of dandruff on an itchy, greasy scalp.

3. Make Dietary Changes

Making required changes in your diet can also help you prevent dandruff. Try to reduce your intake of bread, alcohol, and food that incorporates yeast in an excessive amount; it can be a cause of dandruff. Incorporate healthy fats in your meals, like avocado, walnuts, and olive oil, which will help you maintain good hair health and growth.

Unveil the Best Products to Prevent Dandruff

If you are looking for the most effective shampoo for treating dandruff, then try your hands on Dove Anti-Dandruff Shampoo. Powered with active Pyrithione Zinc, Menthol and Micro Moisture Serum, it helps to tackle dandruff from the scalp and nourishes the hair while giving a cool & fresh sensation. Its balanced pH formula is clinically proven to start clearing flakes from the first wash itself. Follow it by using the Dove Anti-Dandruff Conditioner. It will hydrate hair from roots to ends, giving 100% smoother* and up to 100% free of dandruff hair. So reap the benefits of these amazing products by reading the label for its usage instructions and gift yourself dandruff-free, luscious hair.

Wrapping Up

Dandruff is a scalp condition that most of us face every day. However, it can turn into a serious issue and even cause major hair fall if not taken care of. Utilise the guide, understand the cause behind your dandruff, and then take important measures to get rid of it. Also, being consistent with the treatment process to see faster and more effective results.


1. Can dandruff cause hair fall?

Yes, it can. If you are unable to treat the dandruff at the right time, it might lead to breakage, thinning and, ultimately, hair fall. Thus, you must not wait until your dandruff worsens and take the preventive steps right from the start.

2. Can dandruff go away permanently?

If you are determined and follow your dandruff treatment regimen consistently, then you can get rid of it completely. However, failing to stick to required hair care practices can make your dream of flake-free hair impossible.

3. How often should I use an anti-dandruff shampoo?

The frequency of the usage will completely depend upon the severity and intensity of your dandruff. It is recommended to start your hair care routine by washing your hair with anti-dandruff shampoo twice or thrice a week. Once the dandruff comes under control, you can control the usage of the shampoo as needed.

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